Phlebotomy courses are concerned with, more than just teaching about how to take blood. They offer health care students with handy skills to draw blood for diagnostic testing, donation, research or transfusion purposes. Phlebotomists indeed carry out the very first step towards determining the health of a patient. The results of the testing done by them provide important information to medical professionals in diagnosing illnesses and developing effective treatment plans.
What to expect from phlebotomy courses
Phlebotomy courses include a combination of lectures, interactive sessions and presentations, simulations and on-job training and help students in gaining the necessary academic and practical knowledge in drawing blood; preparing, storing and transporting it for testing. Although in most cases no prior medical experience is required to undertake the course but it provide extensive medical training to become a fully certified phlebotomist.
Brief description of what you’ll learn in phlebotomy courses:
Anatomy and Physiology: An important part of curriculum includes basic understanding of circulatory, cardiovascular, respiratory, urinary, muscular and skeletal systems, and blood as well as cell composition. This has to be taught in order to take patients’ vital signs, understanding of choosing appropriate spot for venipuncture, knowing how to draw blood from different parts of the body and understanding how blood and cells are affected by infections. and for overall comprehensive in relationship to the function of performing phlebotomy procedures.
Interpersonal Skills: The course inculcates communication skills, client service skills, employability skills, leadership, relationship skills, and the ability to handle stress. They are also taught empathy towards patients, which is effective in dealing with frightened or difficult patients. This is because phlebotomists are responsible for taking blood from patients without hurting them or disturbing their on-going treatment and also without being easily upset by the sight of blood. Often they are faced with taking blood from children, irritable, obese or terminally ill patients who requires a lot of patience and skills.
Phlebotomy Skills: This includes in-depth understanding of the background of this phlebotomy, venipuncture or vein puncture, blood flow, use of needles, identification of patients, verifying test requirements, choosing the right venipucture site, when to avoid performing venipuncture and knowing the how and when to reject blood sample if something goes wrong with it, hemoconcentration, skin punctures, finger stick, arterial blood gasses, Selection of the appropriate special and specified tests., isolation and learning how to draw blood from adults, babies and children, and elderly.
Legalities and Professional Norms: Phlebotomy courses inculcate understanding the role of phlebotomy within the health care setting, laboratory/medical terminology, current trends in health care, medical procedures and hospital environments, legal issues and insurance requirements, importance of professionalism and codes of practice, maintain quality control procedures and labelling protocols, understanding of safety precautions and guidelines against various exposures and hazards such as hand washing techniques, infection control, cleaning up spills, and precautions against needle stick injuries.
Safety Skills: The most important subject matter of phlebotomy courses is how to safely handle and store blood. This includes knowing all safety procedure such as wearing latex gloves to handle blood, handling and disposing of needles, sterilizing equipment. This is done to ensure neither they or others around them do not get contaminated through blood borne illnesses. They are taught how to properly handle, and store blood specimens, proper labelling of all specimens and recordkeeping. Also they are responsible for transporting the specimens back to the laboratory.
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Skills: More and more phlebotomy courses are including CPR training in their curriculum for emergency purposes. This is because CPR is a life-saving technique which helps in maintaining blood flow to the brain and heart, and can help keeping the victim alive until advanced medical help reaches him/her. Thus to administer it properly, an appropriate training is a must.
Training skills: On-the-job training will include learning to take blood from different patient groups, including children and the elderly. The training involves more than the ability to find a vein with a needle; you also must know the proper procedures for taking multiple vials of blood at once, how to store them and how to label them
A look at the structure of phlebotomy courses makes you realise that is highly specialized area and provides an overall certification program for training of a health care professional, whose demand is ever increasing in various health care institutions such as hospitals, laboratories, research institutions, clinics, public health centres and blood banks. The present day healthcare system is very advanced and complex and requires a health care staff and professionals who are not only specialised experts, but are prepared to be flexible, empathetic and efficient care givers. Thus phlebotomy courses prepare students for this very task. Although you’ll find plenty of online and offline course, it is important to keep in mind that a good phlebotomy course will emphasise on giving you a practical and hands on experience.